Day trading strategies that work
Day trading is speculation in securitiesspecifically buying and selling financial instruments within the same trading day. Strictly, day trading is trading only within a day, such that all positions are closed before the market closes for the trading day.
Many traders may not be so strict or may have day trading as one component of an overall strategy. Traders who participate in day trading are called day traders. Traders who trade in this capacity with the motive of profit are therefore speculators. The methods of quick trading contrast with the long-term trades underlying buy and hold and value investing strategies.
Some of the more commonly day-traded financial instruments are stocksoptionscurrenciesand a host of futures contracts such as equity index futures, interest rate futures, currency futures and commodity futures. Day trading was once an activity that was exclusive to financial firms and professional speculators.
Many day traders are bank or investment firm employees working as specialists in equity investment and fund management. However, with the advent of electronic trading and margin tradingday trading is available to private individuals. Some day traders use an intra-day technique known as scalping that usually has the trader holding a position for a few minutes or even seconds.
Most day traders exit positions before the market closes to avoid unmanageable risks—negative price gaps between one day's close and the next day's price at the open.
Another reason is to maximize day trading buying power. Day traders sometimes borrow money to trade. This is called margin trading. Since margin interests are typically only charged on overnight balances, the trader may pay no fees for the margin benefit, though still running the risk of a margin call. The margin interest rate is usually based on the broker's call. Because of the nature of financial leverage and the rapid returns that are possible, day trading results can range from extremely profitable to extremely unprofitable, and high-risk profile traders can generate either huge percentage returns or huge percentage losses.
Because of the high profits and losses that day trading makes possible, these traders are sometimes portrayed as " bandits " or " gamblers " by other investors. The common use of buying on margin using borrowed funds amplifies gains and losses, such that substantial losses or gains can occur in a very short period of time.
In addition, brokers usually allow bigger margins for day traders. Because of the high risk of margin use, and of other day trading practices, a day trader will often have to exit a losing position very quickly, in order to prevent a greater, unacceptable loss, or even a disastrous loss, much larger than his or her original investment, or even larger than his or her total assets.
Originally, the most important U. A trader would contact a stockbroker, who would relay the order to a specialist on the floor of the NYSE. These specialists would each make markets in only a handful of stocks. The specialist would match the purchaser with another broker's seller; write up physical tickets that, once processed, would effectively transfer the stock; and relay the information back to both brokers. One of the first steps to make day trading of shares potentially profitable was the change in the commission scheme.
Inthe United States Securities and Exchange Commission SEC made fixed commission rates illegal, giving rise to discount brokers offering much reduced commission rates. Financial settlement periods used to be much longer: Before the early s at the London Stock Exchangefor example, stock could be paid for up to 10 working days after it was bought, allowing traders to buy or sell shares at the beginning of a settlement period only to sell or buy them before the end of the period hoping for a rise in price.
This activity was identical to modern day trading, but for the longer duration of the settlement period. But today, to reduce market risk, the settlement period is typically two working days. Reducing the settlement period reduces the likelihood of defaultbut was impossible before the advent of electronic ownership transfer. The systems by which stocks are traded have also evolved, the second half of the twentieth century having seen the advent of electronic communication networks ECNs.
These are essentially large proprietary computer networks on which brokers could list a certain amount of securities to sell at a certain price the asking price or "ask" or offer to buy a certain amount of securities at a certain price the "bid". The first of these was Instinet or "inet"which was founded in as a way for major institutions to bypass the increasingly cumbersome and expensive NYSE, also allowing them to trade during hours when the exchanges were closed.
Early ECNs such as Instinet were very unfriendly to small investors, because they tended to give large institutions better prices than were available to the public. This resulted in a fragmented and sometimes illiquid market.
The next important step in facilitating day trading was the founding in of NASDAQ —a virtual stock exchange on which orders were transmitted electronically. Moving from paper share certificates and written share registers to "dematerialized" shares, computerized trading and registration required not only extensive changes to legislation but also the development of the necessary technology: These developments heralded the appearance of " market makers ": A market maker has an inventory of stocks to buy and sell, and simultaneously offers to buy and sell the same stock.
Obviously, it will offer to sell stock at a higher price than the price at which it offers to buy. This difference is known as the "spread". The market maker is indifferent as to whether the stock goes up or down, it simply tries to constantly buy for less than it sells.
A persistent trend in one direction will result in a loss for the market maker, but the strategy is overall positive otherwise they would exit the business. Today there are about firms who participate as market makers on ECNs, each generally making a market in four to forty different stocks. Another reform made was the " Small Order Execution System ", or "SOES", which required market makers to buy or sell, immediately, small orders up to shares at the market maker's listed bid or ask.
In the late s, existing ECNs began to offer their services to small investors. New brokerage firms which specialized in serving online traders who wanted to trade on the ECNs emerged. Archipelago eventually became a stock exchange and in was purchased by the NYSE.
Moreover, the trader was able in to buy the stock almost instantly and got it at a cheaper price. ECNs are in constant flux. New ones are formed, while existing ones are bought or merged. As of the end ofthe most important ECNs to the individual trader were:.
This combination of factors has made day trading in stocks and stock derivatives such as ETFs possible. The low commission rates allow an individual or small firm to make a large number of trades during a single day. The liquidity and small spreads provided by ECNs allow an individual to make near-instantaneous trades and to get favorable pricing. The ability for individuals to day trade coincided with the extreme bull market in technological issues from to earlyknown as the Dot-com bubble.
In March,this bubble burst, and a large number of less-experienced day traders began to lose money as fast, or faster, than they had made during the buying frenzy.
The NASDAQ crashed from back to ; many of the less-experienced traders went broke, although obviously it was possible to have made a fortune during that time by shorting or playing on volatility.
In parallel to stock trading, starting at the end of the s, a number of new Market Maker firms provided foreign exchange and derivative day trading through new electronic trading platforms. These allowed day traders to have instant access to decentralised markets such as forex and global markets through derivatives such as contracts for difference. Most of these firms were based in the UK and later in less restrictive jurisdictions, this was in part due to the regulations in the US prohibiting this type of over-the-counter trading.
These firms typically provide trading on margin allowing day traders to take large position with relatively small capital, but with the associated increase in risk. Retail forex trading became a popular way to day trade due to its liquidity and the hour nature of the market.
The following are several basic strategies by which day traders attempt to make profits. Besides these, some day traders also use contrarian reverse strategies more commonly seen in algorithmic trading to trade specifically against irrational behavior from day traders using these approaches. It is important for a trader to remain flexible and adjust their techniques to match changing market conditions.
Some of these approaches require shorting stocks instead of buying them: There are several technical problems with short sales—the broker may not have shares to lend in a specific issue, the broker can call for the return of its shares at any time, and some restrictions are imposed in America by the U.
Securities and Exchange Commission on short-selling see uptick rule for details. Some of these restrictions in particular the uptick rule don't apply to trades of stocks that are actually shares of an exchange-traded fund ETF. Trend followinga strategy used in all trading time-frames, assumes that financial instruments which have been rising steadily will continue to rise, and vice versa with falling. The trend follower buys an instrument which has been rising, or short sells a falling one, in the expectation that the trend will continue.
Contrarian investing is a market timing strategy used in all trading time-frames. It assumes that financial instruments which have been rising steadily will reverse and start to fall, and vice versa. The contrarian trader buys an instrument which has been falling, or short-sells a rising one, in the expectation that the trend will change. Range trading, or range-bound trading, is a trading style in which stocks are watched that have either been rising off a support price or falling off a resistance price.
That is, every time the stock hits a high, it falls back to the low, and vice versa. Such a stock is said to be "trading in a range", which is the opposite of trending.
A related approach to range trading is looking for moves outside of an established range, called a breakout price moves up or a breakdown price moves downand assume that once the range has been broken prices will continue in that direction for some time. Scalping was originally referred to as spread trading. Scalping is a trading style where small price gaps created by the bid-ask spread are exploited by the speculator.
It normally involves establishing and liquidating a position quickly, usually within minutes or even seconds. Scalping highly liquid instruments for off-the-floor day traders involves taking quick profits while minimizing risk loss exposure. The basic idea of scalping is to exploit the inefficiency of the market when volatility increases and the trading range expands. When stock values suddenly rise, they short sell securities that seem overvalued. Rebate trading is an equity trading style that uses ECN rebates as a primary source of profit and revenue.
Most ECNs charge commissions to customers who want to have their orders filled immediately at the best prices available, but the ECNs pay commissions to buyers or sellers who "add liquidity" by placing limit orders that create "market-making" in a security.
Rebate traders seek to make money from these rebates and will usually maximize their returns by trading low priced, high volume stocks. This enables them to trade more shares and contribute more liquidity with a set amount of capital, while limiting the risk that they will not be able to exit a position in the stock.
The basic strategy of news playing is to buy a stock which has just announced good news, or short sell on bad news. Such events provide enormous volatility in a stock and therefore the greatest chance for quick profits or losses.
Determining whether news is "good" or "bad" must be determined by the price action of the stock, because the market reaction may not match the tone of the news itself.
This is because rumors or estimates of the event like those issued by market and industry analysts will already have been circulated before the official release, causing prices to move in anticipation. The price movement caused by the official news will therefore be determined by how good the news is relative to the market's expectations, not how good it is in absolute terms. Keeping things simple can also be an effective methodology when it comes to trading. These traders rely on a combination of price movement, chart patterns, volume, and other raw market data to gauge whether or not they should take a trade.
Day trading strategies are essential when you are looking to capitalise on frequent, small price movements. Consistent, effective strategies rely on in-depth technical analysis, utilising charts, indicators and patterns to predict future price movements. This page will give you a thorough break down of beginners trading strategies, working all the way up to advancedautomated and even asset-specific strategies.
It will also outline some regional differences to be aware of, as day trading strategies that work as pointing you in the direction of some useful resources. Before you get bogged down in a complex world of highly technical indicators, focus on the basics of a simple day trading strategy. Many make the mistake of thinking you need a highly complicated strategy to succeed intraday, but often the more straightforward, the more effective.
These three elements will help you make that decision. Breakout strategies centre around when the price clears a specified level on your chart, with increased volume. The breakout trader enters into a long position after the asset or security breaks above resistance.
Alternatively, you enter a short position once the stock breaks below support. After an asset or security trades beyond the specified price barrier, volatility usually increases and prices will often trend in the direction of the breakout. You need to find the right instrument to trade. The more frequently the price has hit these points, the more validated and important they become. This part is nice and straightforward.
Prices set to close and above resistance levels require a bearish position. Prices set to close and below a support level need a bullish position. Using chart patterns will make this process even more accurate.
You can calculate the average recent price swings to create a target. If the average price swing has been 3 points over the last several price swings, this would be a sensible target. One of the most popular strategies is scalping. The driving force is quantity. You will look to sell as soon as the trade becomes profitable. This is a fast-paced and exciting way to trade, but it can be risky.
You need a high trading probability to even out the low risk vs reward ratio. Be on the lookout for volatile instruments, day trading strategies that work liquidity and be hot on day trading strategies that work. Popular amongst trading strategies for beginners, this strategy revolves around acting on news sources and identifying substantial trending moves with the support of high volume.
You simply hold onto your position until you see signs of day trading strategies that work and then get out. Alternatively, you can fade the price day trading strategies that work. This way round your price target is as soon as volume starts to diminish. This strategy is simple and effective if used correctly. Just a few seconds on each trade will make all the difference to day trading strategies that work end of day profits.
Although hotly debated and potentially dangerous when used by beginners, reverse trading is used all over the world. This strategy defies basic logic as you aim to trade against the trend. You need to be able to accurately identify possible pullbacks, plus predict their strength.
To do this effectively you need in-depth market knowledge and experience. It is particularly useful in the forex market. A pivot point is defined as a point of rotation. Note that if you calculate a pivot point using price information from a relatively short time frame, accuracy is often reduced. You can then calculate support and resistance levels using the pivot point. To do that you will need to use the following formulas:.
When applied to day trading strategies that work FX market, for example, you will find the trading range for the session often takes place between the pivot point and the first support and resistance levels. This is because a high number of traders play this range. Requirements for which are usually high for day traders.
When you trade on margin you are increasingly vulnerable to sharp price movements. Yes, this means the potential for greater profit, but it also means the possibility of significant losses. Fortunately, you can employ stop-losses. The stop-loss controls your risk for you. In a short position, you can place a stop-loss above a recent high, for long positions you can place it below a recent low.
You can also make it dependant on volatility. One popular strategy is to day trading strategies that work up two stop-losses. Day trading strategies that work, you place a physical stop-loss order at a specific price level. This will be the most capital you can afford to lose.
Secondly, you create a mental stop-loss. Place this at the point your entry criteria are breached. Forex strategies are risky by nature as you need to accumulate your profits in a short space of time.
The exciting and unpredictable cryptocurrency market offers plenty of opportunities for the switched on day trader. Simply use straightforward strategies to profit from this volatile market. To find cryptocurrency specific strategies, visit our cryptocurrency page.
Day trading strategies for stocks rely on many of the same principles outlined throughout this page, and you can use many of the strategies outlined above. Below though is a specific strategy you can apply to the stock market. This is one of the moving averages strategies that generates a buy signal when day trading strategies that work fast moving average crosses up and over the slow moving average.
A sell signal is generated simply when the fast moving average crosses below the slow moving average. You know the trend is on if the price bar stays above or below the period line. Spread betting allows you to speculate on a huge number of global markets without ever actually owning the asset. Plus, strategies are relatively straightforward. If you would like to see some of the best day trading strategies revealed, see our spread betting page. Developing an effective day trading strategy can be complicated.
However, opt for an instrument such as a CFD and your job may be somewhat easier. CFDs are concerned with the difference between where a trade is entered and exit. Recent years have seen their popularity surge. This is because you can profit when the underlying asset moves in relation to the position taken, without ever having to own the underlying asset.
Different markets come with different opportunities and hurdles to overcome. Day trading strategies for the Indian market may not be day trading strategies that work effective when you apply them in Australia.
Regulations are another factor to consider. Indian strategies may be tailor-made to fit within day trading strategies that work rules, such as high minimum equity balances in margin accounts. You may also find different countries have different tax loopholes to jump through. What type of tax will you have to pay? Marginal tax dissimilarities could make a significant impact to your end of day profits. Strategies that work take risk into account.
This is why you should always utilise a stop-loss. A stop-loss will control that risk. It will also enable you to select the perfect position size. Position size is the number of shares taken on a single trade. Take the difference between your entry day trading strategies that work stop-loss prices. You can take a position size of up to 1, shares. In addition, keep in mind that if you take a position size too big for the market, you could encounter slippage on your entry and stop-loss.
Everyone learns in different ways. For example, some will find day trading strategies videos most useful. This is why a number of brokers day trading strategies that work offer numerous types of day trading strategies in easy-to-follow training videos.
Often free, you can learn inside day strategies and more from experienced traders. On top of that, blogs are often a great source of inspiration. Some people will learn best from forums. This is because you can comment and ask questions. Plus, you often find day trading day trading strategies that work so easy anyone can use. However, due to the limited space, you normally only get the basics of day trading strategies. So, if you are looking for more in-depth techniques, you may want to consider an alternative learning tool.
If you want a detailed list of the best day trading strategies, PDFs are often a fantastic place to go. Their first benefit is that they are easy to follow. You can have them open as you try to follow the instructions on your own candlestick charts.