Funciones de un agente comercial internacional
Consejo editorial David E. The paper aims to analyze main changes in the food assistance programs of the most industrialized countries in Latin America, focusing on the cases of Brazil and Mexico, compared with the Venezuelan experience during the period. It is based funciones de un agente comercial internacional a systemic approach, which is expressed in a methodological perspective that integrates in the analysis relationships of the agrifood system with the dynamics of the environment as well as macroeconomic policies.
Main conclusions pointed out that, associated with the economic reform carried out in the s, there was an evolution in the programs of food assistance in Brazil and Mexico, since universal towards focused programs of a remedial nature, which finally are consolidated funciones de un agente comercial internacional more ambitious comprehensive programs.
As a result of these changes in economic and food policy, there is a sustained trend —particularly in Brazil— showing the reduction of poverty and an increasing caloric intake. On the contrary, in Venezuela, the extraordinary oil revenues made it possible in to improve food access.
However, due to populist policies and the instability of oil prices, the gains achieved are less sustainable than in other Latin American countries such as Brazil. There is significant growth in the adoption of the Fair Trade certification program and in the marketing of coffee products under this seal, which initially aimed to create opportunities to empower small producers and coffee consumers, through the dissemination of information related to these products.
However, sometimes the increase in its adoption and volume of sales in retail, especially in developed countries does not generate the expected returns on the price paid for the product. In this way, through qualitative and descriptive research, the authors conducted a comprehensive review of specialized literature, aiming to understand the main features of this program and the main constraints and threats that arise within this practice in the coffee production chain. They observed that, among the main threats to certifications especially Fair Tradeis the mainstreaming process, namely adoption and use by large corporationswhich could weaken its standards in order to keep their pricing and trading practices.
To understand these threats and to analyze critically the adoption of Fair-Trade certification, farmers, cooperatives, and associations must adopt a series of key strategies. It is clear that certifying agencies, in funciones de un agente comercial internacional, must act in order to balance or neutralize the disadvantages that may be caused by the mainstreaming movement in the coffee chain, by communicating certification procedures to producers more clearly and directly.
Nilmar Diogo dos Reis. In recent years, demand factors for these products are changing; therefore it is necessary to know if the marketing companies are adapting to demand. The aim of this paper is to analyze the model of the pineapple of this country from three perspectives: For consistency analysis, statistical Pearson correlation coefficient and RV coefficient were used. Main findings revealed that many export enterprises are characterized by a low structure of economic concentration, except for the sales to the United States with moderate concentration.
Moreover, international competitiveness has good performance, based on comparative cost advantages and some market dynamics. Additionally, by comparing and exports, some changes in trade policy of the companies analyzed were verified: In summary, based on these results, the organizational structure is characterized by low economic concentration and a commercial strategy very dynamic exporter companies.
Le Costa Rica est le premier exportateur mondial d'ananas Ananas comosus frais. Jaime De Pablo Valenciano. How is it configured the economic and financial agribusiness management? It was returned 1, papers, where 72 were selected and 28 were read in full detail.
This research was structured in three aspects: The first aspect highlighted the importance of the supply chain and investment in infrastructure to ensure the sector's development.
Microeconomics aspects raised as the mains tools for economic and financial management: Funciones de un agente comercial internacional in this aspect, it was investigated the interfaces of economic and environment management - a subject in vogue in the academic world. Weaknesses of current economic and financial management practices were also proposed as alternatives to increase net income. Diversification, integration of crops and the production chain integration also were considered.
Cela a fait ressortir 1. The objective of the study was to analyze the leafy funciones de un agente comercial internacional, seeking financial results and benefits such as use of biomass generated pruning and thinning of tree and carbon sequestration. The methodology consists of monitoring and collecting wooded coffee experiment data of seven tree species compared to coffee monoculture. Financial indicators for farming systems, and biomass calculations, the plantation mortality and carbon sequestration of the trees were also calculated.
The study revealed that woody coffee was favorable compared to coffee monoculture. As the surveyed species, presented the best result was the Heliocarpus popayanensis, effective in the protection and production of coffee We conclude that the cultivation system is favorable for the region, subject to the conditions of the research; however, they still need more studies and experimental monitoring in the coming years.
The agribusiness sector, due to the different challenges that have experienced, such as the search for a balance between agricultural practices and the commoditization, has stimulated studies to understand how the entrepreneurial orientation influences the results of these companies. In this sense, the objective of this study was to correlate the proactivity dimensions, innovativeness and risk-taking, entrepreneurial orientation, with the performance of agribusiness in the state of Rio Grande do Sul RS.
For funciones de un agente comercial internacional processing of data were employed multidimensional techniques. The results showed that the size innovativeness is positively related to the performance of agribusinesses, on the other hand, could not confirm the results of the proactive and risk-taking.
It was concluded that the confirmed results are consistent with the literature that specifies the area associated with the performance of agribusiness decision-making directed the development of innovative products and services practices. It is suggested for future research to compare results here identified with those of other States, also analyzing the organizational environment.
Carolina dos Santos Vaz. Para cumprir o objetivo foram realizadas visitas a supermercados e feiras livres na cidade de Lavras, localizada no sul de Minas Funciones de un agente comercial internacional, Brasil. Nestes locais as pessoas eram abordadas e solicitadas a participarem da entrevista.
Para cumplir con el objetivo se hicieron visitas a supermercados y mercados en la ciudad de Lavras, ubicada en el sur del estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. En estos establecimientos las personas posibles entrevistados eran abordadas y se les solicitaba que participaran en la entrevista. Food consumption is not only subject of interest for academics and companies of the food sector, but also it interests government authorities.
As food choice motivation, the following elements were selected: For this, visits were made in supermarkets and market places in Lavras city, which is located in the South of Minas Gerais, Brazil. People were approached and requested to participate in a survey.
Thus, structured questionnaires were applied via internet. Analyses enabled to identify that there are indulgent consumers, but also there are demanding ones, who funciones de un agente comercial internacional importance to both hedonic aspects taste and socialization and health-related motives.
Furthermore, a cluster showed to be focused on health and another one seemed to be budget-oriented. Each cluster has a socio demographic profile, which not always coincided with the general profile of the sample; it realizes that socio demographic aspects influence on food choice and, consequently, clusters characterization.
Analysis also enables to identify that the motives related to health not necessarily are incompatible with the pursuit of pleasure for a group of consumers. Funciones de un agente comercial internacional Carvalho de Rezende. The location of facilities, as part of a supply chain design, is considered a decision of strategic type, commitment resources in the long term and generally not flexible. It is an external factor affecting the competitiveness of agriculture at meso and micro levels, which has a significant impact on the costs of transporting and processing of the dispersed production of producers that individually do not have a significant volume to access to the consumer markets regularly.
This paper incorporates the spatial component to this decision by applying as alternative methods in the determination of the suitable location, the center of gravity method —by a Geographic Information System— and linear programming, modeling the problem of supply at a minimum cost of transport possible from.
The resolution in both methodologies throws to the town of Esperanza as the most convenient. The inclusion in an integral model funciones de un agente comercial internacional the totality of the logistic variables funciones de un agente comercial internacional allow to advance in a more precise definition of the convenience of an associative type value-added project. Sin embargo, la frutihorticultura intensiva es una importante fuente de valor agregado del sector primario local.
Mar del Plata, capital city of municipality of General Pueyrredon, is the main seaside resort of Argentina, as well as an important city in terms of population. The production of final goods of the Municipality, estimated through the Gross Geographic Product, indicates that tourism, the fishing port and the food industry are the most relevant economic activities.
However, intensive horticulture is an important source of added-value within the local primary sector. In fact, the area has very favorable agri-ecological conditions which, along with other factors, make this region one of the main supply centers of production for the rest of the country. Sincewhen Argentina abandoned the convertibility exchange regime, prices of the main horticultural funciones de un agente comercial internacional experienced a relatively slower acceleration than their main direct costs, putting pressure on producers to generate changes that would allow them to improve their short-term economic performance.
However, adopting strategies that increase sectoral added-value requires long-term productive schemes based on joint actions between producers. The objective of this article is to analyze the evolution of the economic performance and the productive strategies adopted for the main crops grown in the local horticultural belt, in the period and from the perspective of the estimation of added-value by this activity.
The modernization of Brazilian agriculture resulted in increased dependence on family farming —that is, reducing its autonomy—, and therefore external forces are now in control. However, there is a silent movement among the farmers in order to pursue alternatives means to increase its autonomy.
This article aims to characterize and analyze the use of a socio-technical approach as a tool for social construction of markets for family farmers in the Brazilian semiarid region, with focus on strengthening the autonomy of these actors. A model of social innovation using epistemic and methodological practice was applied, in order to build a sustainable rural development process.
Therefore, the theoretical and analytical approach to understand the process of social construction of markets was Actor-oriented perspective and Economic sociology. Main findings revealed that the autonomy of farmers for the market was fragile, revealing high dependency on external forces.
This methodology enabled the expression of the capacities of farmers to recognize the local context and their relationships, as well showing different ways for funciones de un agente comercial internacional inclusion. Funciones de un agente comercial internacional this context, the key element should be the expression of agency capacity of the smallholder to act in order to reconfigure the co-production and to implement the construction of new domains and networks, which certainly will favor the autonomy of these actors.
Therefore, the diversification of the local economy will add up to the process of rural development. Jorge Luis de Sales Farias. Francisco Eden Paiva Fernandes. Cellyneude de Souza Fernandes.
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Documentos que funciones de un agente comercial internacional aportarse: Carta del candidato exponiendo los motivos para cursar este Master. Alfonso-Luis Calvo Caravaca Directora: Gerente de AccentureSupply Chain Management.
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